In women, chemotherapy drugs can cause a much more common and severe hair loss called “anagen eﬄuvium. With the use of medication, the hair begins to fall out within a few days to a few weeks, and women may lose approximately 80% to 90% of their hair. However, with the termination of the use of chemotherapy drugs, the hair returns to its original state. In case of hair loss due to all causes other than radiation, the hair comes back.
Alopecia areata is an inherited, non-marking and autoimmune disease and is one of the important diseases responsible for hair loss in women. In this disease hair loss is occurred from region to region. Not only is this possible in hair, but also in any area with hair in the body. Mostly, the hair starts to grow again between 6 months and 1 year.
Hair loss may also occur in women due to skin injury and inﬂammation. Injury and inﬂammation may cause damage to the hair follicles, resulting in a hair loss called scatricial alopecia, which is divided into two. The ﬁrst is due to autoimmune diseases that develops as a result of the attack of the immune system to the hair follicles. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus, lichen planoplaris, frontal ﬁbrosing alopecia, folliculitis decalvans, keloid acne, necrotizing acne can cause hair loss but the hair may grow again. The second occurs with exposure to physical or chemical traumas. Chemical injuries, burns, insect bites, radiation, some fungal infections, long-handed hair breaks, inﬂammatory dermatological diseases (psoriasis, pitriasis, morphea, scleroderma, sarcoidosis) can cause hair loss in women. Prolonged hair removal by hand is a result of obsessive-compulsive psychological discomfort and causes irreversible hair loss.
Hair loss should not be underestimated in women, it should be taken under control in consultation with a specialist physician.