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Female Hair Loss Treatment
Although hair loss is less common in women than in men, about 30% of all women experience hair loss once in their lifetime. As a general rule hair loss may occur among 25% of women aged 35-40 years and 50% of women over 40 years. In addition most women in the age group of 50 – 60 can experience hair loss due to menopause.
Hair Loss Causes and Treatment in Women
Although the major causes of hair loss in women are genetic factors, diﬀerent reasons such as vitamin deﬁciencies, hormonal imbalances, stress, anxiety, thyroid problems, birth control medication use, pregnancy and menopause can cause hair loss. In addition to these, various beautification treatments applied to women’s hair can also trigger or speed up the hair loss process. The same hair transplantation procedures used for men, FUT, FUE and DHI can also be used successfully for the treatment of hair loss in women.
Causes of Hair Loss in Women
In 90 % of women, shedding occurs on the entire scalp. In the other 10 %, the hair loss is seen in the front and sides of the head as seen in men. However, complete baldness is usually not observed, as is usually the case with men, which may lead to late discovery of hair loss issues. The reason for late discovery of hair loss is that the front hairline is mostly protected in women. Hair loss progresses in the form of thinning and shedding of hair.
Hair loss in women can sometimes begin during puberty. If hair loss is accompanied by menstrual irregularities, acne and body hair growth, then hormonal values should be checked. The causes of hair loss in women are divided into two groups as permanent and temporary hair loss.
Genetic reasons such as iron deﬁciency, anemia, various systemic disorders, thyroid dysfunction, and hormonal disorders such as polycystic ovary can trigger permanent hair loss.
Postpartum complications, feverish diseases, postoperative complications, some medications and stress are among the primary reasons for the temporary increase of hair loss in women.
In addition to these, another reason that increases hair loss or decreases hair quality in women are some of the beautification procedures applied by women to their hair. Exposing the hair to intense heat, dyeing the hair frequently, some hair conditioners, permanent hair dryers (such as Brazilian hair dryer) may deteriorate the quality of the hair thus cause thinning and loss. In addition to this, keeping the hair very tightly braid, or gathering very tightly can also cause hair loss.
For many clients, having the operation performed in Turkey is quite cheaper compared to other European or Middle Eastern countries.
Other Causes of Hair Loss in Women
The process of hair loss in women is much more complicated than men and can have various diﬀerent reasons. Spending time in stressful environments, experiencing mood disorders, feeling trapped with anxiety problems can all cause hair loss. Eating disorders, having excess vitamin A, zinc and essential amino acid deﬁciency, intestinal and digestive problems and frequent general anesthesia use can also be responsible for hair loss in women.
The second most common hair loss type seen in women after genetic hair loss is telogen eﬄuvium. While normally 10% of the hair on the scalp is in the telogen phase, in this case up to 30-50% hair follicles enter the telogen phase and begin to fall out. Telogen eﬄuvium is usually seen in women between the ages of 30-60, and can cause a sudden and unreasonable hair loss of 150-700 strands per day. This is usually confused with genetic shedding. This condition may spontaneously disappear within 6 months. During pregnancy, women enter a lucky period about their hair. Most women grow more and healthier hair. However, most women may experience hair loss due to telogen eﬄuvium three months after birth, shedding this excess hair. Although telogen eﬄuvium does not cause baldness, it causes thinning of the hair in the temples.
Which Diseases and Drugs Causes Hair Loss?
Chemotherapy drugs can cause a much more common and severe hair loss called “anagen eﬄuvium among women. The hair begins to fall out within a few days to a few weeks with the use of medication, and women may lose approximately 80% to 90% of their hair. However, with the termination of the use of chemotherapy drugs, the hair returns to its original state. The hair grows back in most cases, except for the losses due to radiotherapy
Alopecia areata is an inherited, non-marking and autoimmune disease and is one of the primary diseases responsible for hair loss in women. In this disease hair loss occurs from region to region. It can be observed in any part of the body with hair. Mostly, the hair starts to grow again after 6 months and 1 year.
Hair loss may also occur in women due to skin injury and inﬂammation. Trauma due to Injury and inﬂammation may cause damage to the hair follicles, resulting in a hair loss called cicatricial alopecia, which has two distinct types. The ﬁrst is due to autoimmune diseases. The immune system attacks the hair follicles. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal ﬁbrosing alopecia, folliculitis decalvans, keloid acne, and necrotizing acne can all cause hair loss, but the hair may grow again after the underlying issue is resolved. The second type occurs with exposure to physical or chemical traumas. Chemical injuries, burns, insect bites, radiation, some fungal infections, long-handed hair breaks, and inﬂammatory dermatological diseases such as psoriasis, pityriasis, morphea, scleroderma, or sarcoidosis can cause hair loss in women. In addition, prolonged hair removal by hand due to obsessive-compulsive psychological discomfort can cause irreversible hair loss.
Hair loss should not be underestimated in women, and it should be controlled in consultation with a specialist physician.
Hair Loss in Women during Menopause
In menopause, women may experience hair loss or their diluted hair may become thick. The main reason for this is the change in hormone levels during menopause. The decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels increases the male hormone and its eﬀects. In the same way, hair loss may increase with the eﬀects of aging.
In menopause, hair follicles can not be fed enough and hair starts to thin. The hair, which becomes diﬃcult to grow, starts to fall, especially on the top of the head. When the hormone treatment is started for menopause symptoms, the condition of the hair improves.