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Hair Loss

Hair is made up of a protein called keratin, and it is produced in hair follicles in the outer layer of skin. Hair grows about 15 cm every year as new hair cells produced by follicles push the old cells out through the surface of the skin. On the human body, hair grows everywhere except the palms of hands, the soles of the feet, and over the eyelids. Many hair types are too small to see with naked eye. A human’s head is where the most hair is visible.

On average an adult human has about 100,000 to 150,000 hairs on their head. It is normal to lose up to 100 of them a day. And at any one time, about 90% of the hair follicles on a human’s head is growing. Each follicle has its own life cycle which is divided into three phases. In the first anagen phase hair grows actively. This phase lasts between two to eight years. The catagen phase, second one, is a transitional phase at the end of the anagen phase where the hair converts into club hair. It lasts from two to three weeks. Finally the telogen phase is a resting phase that lasts about two to three months. At the end of the resting phase the hair is shed, a new hair replaces it to restart the cycle again. This life cycle can be influenced by age, disease, and a wide variety of other factors.aliquam. Ut est eros, porta eu ex ut, sagittis.

What Causes Hair Loss?

There are many reasons for hair loss. The condition of hair loss is called alopecia, and there are multiple different types of this condition. 

Androgenic alopecia, also called pattern baldness is a genetic condition that can affect anyone. This condition is called male pattern baldness for men. The hair loss can begin as early as their teens or early 20s for men. It usually starts with a receding hairline and gradual disappearance of hair from the crown and frontal scalp. 

For women, this condition is called female pattern baldness. Women usually do not have any noticeable thinning until their midlife. The condition shows itself as a general thinning over the entire head, with a focus on the crown.
Involutional alopecia is a natural condition during which the hair gradually thins with increasing age. The number of hair follicles that go into the resting phase rise, and remaining hairs become shorter and less numerous.Hair loss can also happen among children, teens and young adults. This condition, called Alopecia areata, may begin suddenly and cause patchy hair loss. It may result in complete baldness, but in the majority of cases hair returns within a few years.All of the body hair, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair, can fall out in alopecia universalis.

Various inflammatory skin conditions and skin disorders can result in scars that destroy the ability of the hair to regenerate. In addition to this scarring due to trauma may result in permanent loss of hair. Plucking hair, usually eyebrows with tweezers can also result in permanent hair loss on eyebrows. Radiation therapy to the head may cause hair to fall out and the hair may not grow back in the same volume as it was before.

What Causes Hair Loss?

The exact reason why some hair follicles have a longer growth period while others have a shorter one is not known, but several factors that may influence hair loss are known.
Genetics may influence a person's predisposition to male or female pattern baldness, originating from either or both paternal and maternal sides.
Childbirth, diseases and autoimmune disorders such as thyroid disease, lupus, diabetes, iron deficiency anemia, eating disorders, and anemia, ringworms via fungal infections, stress and trauma including burns and injuries are known to cause temporary hair loss. Unless scar tissue remains from trauma or diseases like lupus, the hair will regrow. Various drugs, including beta-adrenergic blockers for controlling blood pressure, birth control pills, blood thinners, or chemotherapy drugs for cancer treatment can also cause temporary hair loss. Advanced and untreated diabetes can also cause hair loss.

Some cosmetic behaviours such as bleaching, using shampoo too often, tight braiding, perms, and dyeing hair can contribute to overall hair thinning by making hair weak and brittle. These procedures usually don't cause baldness. The hair grows back normally if the source of the problem is addressed unless severe damage to the scalp is inflicted. Some diets with low protein or very low calorie intakes can also cause temporary hair loss.

What Causes Hair Loss?

How to Prevent Hair Loss

Natural hair loss and balding can’t be reversed but it is possible to protect hair from the damage caused by other sources that may eventually lead to thinning. Hair dryers, hot curlers, hair dyes, perms, tight braids, hair straightening products, and chemical-laden cosmetics may cause dry, brittle, and thinning hair.

To prevent hair loss, it is a good idea to go natural, and leave the hair in its natural color and form whenever possible. Giving hair time to recover between any chemical use is also a good option.
Using a basic shampoo designed for one’s hair type helps tremendously. Using a brush that is moderately stiff, natural-bristle brush so that hair won’t be torn off, and applying proper hair brushing by being gentle, and not brushing them when wet also helps.
People lose hair for various reasons. Illness and medication can cause hair loss. Hair loss can also be inherited from a parent. Often, hair thins because it is fine-textured -- or because too many harsh chemicals have been used on it -- so it breaks easily.

Hair Loss Treatments

Throughout history, many different types of remedies have been presented to prevent hair loss. Sadly, there is little to do to reverse the process of naturally thinning hair. For this reason many people use wigs, hairpieces, and hair weaving for cosmetic purposes. Others utilize tattoos to simulate lost eyebrows and eyelashes. 

Whilte there are certain drugs that may slow hair loss and bolster the health of remaining hair, but there are no existing medications that can completely stop it. Various side effects of such medication also can cause problems as most of these drugs need to be used continually to keep on being effective. Hair transplantation is currently and for the foreseeable future the most effective way of having naturally growing hair again. Corticosteroids can assist in autoimmune disorder related hair loss, but they can be painful and cause thinning of the skin at the treatment area.

Hair Loss Treatments

Hair Transplant

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Hair transplantation process is a process that must be followed carefully according to the resulting phase from the decision phase. Choosing the hair transplantation center and your doctor, where you will perform the hair transplantation process together, is the most important point of the process. After choosing the hair transplantation center and your doctor, next comes the hair transplant operation and hairline design that your doctor has planned.

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On the day of hair transplantation, the first job is to sterilize the hair transplantation area and apply anesthetics. Then, within the method used, hair follicles are removed from the donor area and recipient wholes are created in the direction of the existing hair. Then, the hair follicles are planted at right angles to the planned area.

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After the hair transplantation, applications related to the region where the transplant is performed and the healing of the wounds on the skin where the transplantation is performed are carried out. In this process, PRP provides easy healing of wounds and nourishes the hair follicles. Precise maintenance is required for both the donor and the transplant area for 15 days after this process.

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